Home

Stable fracture causes

Fracture Causes Stanford Health Car

Fractures occur when there is more force applied to the bone than the bone can absorb. Bones are weakest when they are twisted. Breaks in bones can occur from falls, trauma, or as a result of a direct blow or kick to the body. Your bones also may be more likely to break if you are a smoker A spinal fracture is a dislocation or fracture of the vertebrae (backbone) and can occur anywhere along the spine. Most spinal fractures are caused from injury or trauma from car accidents, falls, sports or some sort of high velocity impact

Flexion-distraction Fracture at T12-L1: Brace or Surgery

Vertebrae/Spinal Fractures - Symptoms and Cause

Stable fracture. The broken ends of the bone line up and are barely out of place. Open, compound fracture. The skin may be pierced by the bone or by a blow that breaks the skin at the time of the fracture. The bone may or may not be visible in the wound. Transverse fracture. This type of fracture has a horizontal fracture line. Oblique fracture A significant percentage of bone fractures occur because of high force impact or stress. However, a fracture may also be the result of some medical conditions which weaken the bones, for example.. Any injury to the bone resulting in damage is a fracture. Most fractures occur due to the high impact of force, such as falls or accidents, but some may happen without too much strain on the bones because the bones are weak due to certain medical conditions such as osteoporosis or some cancers Major pelvic fractures are caused by major trauma such as road traffic accidents, crush injuries (for example, being run over by a car or rolled on by a horse) and falls from height. Pelvic fractures caused by high-force or high-speed injuries are often unstable and they need urgent hospital treatment These injuries are typically stable fractures that do not damage the structural integrity of the pelvic ring, but may fracture an individual bone. Other Causes. Less commonly, a fracture may occur when a piece of the ischium bone tears away from the site where the hamstring muscles attach to the bone

Stable fractures don't cause spinal deformity or neurologic (nerve) problems. With a stable fracture, the spine can still carry and distribute your weight pretty well (not as well as if there weren't a fracture, but it's still able to function with a stable fracture) This often happens to the front of the vertebrae but not the back, causing you to stoop forward over time.Compression fractures are caused by: Osteoporosis, a weakening of the bones that can occur in postmenopausal women and older me In this type of fracture, the vertebra loses height on both the front and back sides. It is often caused by landing on the feet after falling from a significant height. An axial burst fracture can sometimes result in nerve compression. Some fractures are stable, while others are significantly unstable (the bones have moved out of place) Stress fractures are tiny cracks in a bone. They're caused by repetitive force, often from overuse — such as repeatedly jumping up and down or running long distances. Stress fractures can also develop from normal use of a bone that's weakened by a condition such as osteoporosis The spinous avulsion and fractures are also caused by direct blows or trauma to the base of the neck. This is usually a very stable fracture and does not produce any neurologic deficits. Patient's are alarmed when they hear the term fracture or break in the neck, but this part of the bone is not near the spinal cord or nerve roots

Fractures (Broken Bones) - OrthoInfo - AAO

  1. It can be painful or asymptomatic and is usually a stable fracture. Axial Burst Fracture: This is usually caused from a fall from a significant height, landing on the feet. The vertebra loses height on both the front and back side, causing a decrease in overall height of the vertebrae
  2. Cervical fractures are most often caused by a forceful impact or traumatic blow to the head. Athletes involved in impact sports, or participating in sports such as skiing, diving, football, cycling that have a risk of falling or snapping the neck are all linked to neck fractures. 1  Immediate First Aid for Neck Injurie
  3. Causes and Types of Tibial Fractures Tibial fractures are usually caused by a sudden injury such as a fall, collision while playing sports, automobile and cycling accidents. If the upper part of the bone is affected, it's known as a proximal or plateau fracture and if the lower part breaks, it's called a distal or pilon fracture

a. Stable fractures do not cause nerve problems or spinal deformities. It can usually carry the body weight well enough to be called stable. b. Unstable fractures are more serious because they can cause serious nerve damage or paralysis. Spinal deformities are possible. c. Minor fracture means a part of the back side of the vertebra is broken. Most pelvic fractures happen during high-speed accidents (such as car or motorcycle crashes) or falls from great heights. Pelvic fractures can also occur spontaneously or after minor falls in people with bone-weakening diseases such as osteoporosis. Less commonly, pelvic fractures may occur during high-impact athletic activities If the fracture is caused by a sudden, forceful injury, you will probably feel severe pain in your back, legs, and arms. You might also feel weakness or numbness in these areas if the fracture injures the nerves of the spine. If the bone collapse is gradual - such as a fracture from bone thinning, the pain will usually be milder Some wrist fractures are stable. Non-displaced breaks, in which the bones do not move out of place initially, can be stable. Some displaced breaks (which need to be put back into the right place, called reduction or setting) also can be stable enough to treat in a cast or splint. Other fractures are unstable Abnormal slipping and rubbing motions can cause pain and damage the spinal nerves or spinal cord. Stable fractures can usually be treated with bracing and rest. Unstable fractures usually require surgery to realign the bones and prevent spinal cord or nerve injury

Fractures: Types, causes, symptoms, and treatmen

Stable: With a stable fracture, the broken ends of the bone are lined up and barely out of place. This type of fracture doesn't require any type of realignment. Open, compound: An open, compound fracture occurs when the bone breaks through the skin or the force causes an open wound when the fracture occurs Causes. Stable fracture can be caused by too much pressure or lack of calcium deposits in the bones. Once any part of the body is subjected to pressure beyond its capacity, it has no choice but to bend and eventually break because the stress and tension forces are not equally distributed. The tolerable force that the bone can withstand depends. Stable and unstable fractures. Perhaps the most important way of classifying pelvic fractures is into stable or unstable fractures. Most pelvic fractures are stable: Stable fracture: the broken bones are still properly lined up, so that the ring has kept its shape. Usually only one bone is affected, with a single fracture 1. Stable Fracture. This is the type of fracture that occurs when an injury causes the bone to break clean, with its parts in alignment. This means that the bone maintains its original position. Treatment for a Stable Fracture: Since this type of fracture doesn't require realignment, the doctor will simply immobilize the bone with a cast. The.

Fractures: Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Stable ankle fractures involve a fracture of the outside bone of the ankle joint (the fibula). However, although the outside bone is fractured, the ankle joint itself remains well positioned and stable. They are associated with pain, resulting in it being very difficult or even impossible to walk on the ankle There can be different variations of a fracture, including: Stable fracture, when the bone pieces are aligned; Unstable fracture, when there are bone fragments that have shifted; Comminuted fracture, when the bone is shattered into many pieces; Open (compound) fracture, when a bone fragment breaks through the skin. This causes risk of infection A malunited fracture may heal fully but cause a visible bump beneath the skin where the bone isn't straight. The affected bone may be weak or painful, and it may interfere with the way the affected body part functions. For example, a malunited fracture in the leg or foot may cause a persistent limp. Symptoms vary depending on how well the. What causes the fracture? When an external force is applied to the spine, such as from a fall, the forces may exceed the ability of the bone within the vertebral column to support the load. This may cause the front part of the vertebral body to crush, resulting in a compression fracture. If the entire vertebral column breaks, it results in a. Broken Bones & Osteoporosis - Spiritual Meaning and Causes. A broken bone is called a fracture. Bones commonly break when they cannot withstand a trauma or force applied to them. On rare occasions, the bones are so weak that they cannot withstand the force of gravity. Reports indicate that over 6.4 million bone fractures occur annually in the US

Pelvic Fractures - Symptoms, Causes, Diagnosis and

  1. Type I fractures occur very rarely and type II is the most common Type I: avulsion fracture of the apex. Stable injuries. Type II: fracture through the base of the dens, at the junction of the odontoid base and the body of C2. Often unstable injuries. Type III: fracture extends into the body of the axis. Usually stable injuries
  2. The most likely cause of a spinal compression fracture in those without osteoporosis is severe trauma, such as an automobile accident or a fall from a great height. When patients younger than age 55 years present with compression fractures, malignancy should be considered as a possible cause of the fracture.2
  3. Stable Pelvic Fractures: Have single point breakage in the pelvis ring and broken bones remain in position; shows less bleeding; Unstable Pelvic Fractures: Have breakage at two or more points, followed by severe bleeding. Unstable pelvic fractures may cause shock, extensive internal bleeding, and damage to the internal organs
  4. What Causes a Fracture? Fractures occur when there is more force applied to the bone than the bone can absorb. Bones are weakest when they are twisted. Breaks in bones can occur from falls, trauma, or as a result of a direct blow or kick to the body. Your bones also may be more likely to break if you are a smoker
  5. Treatment for pelvic fractures can be non-surgical or surgical depending on the stability of the broken bone and whether the fracture is displaced or not. Severe pelvic fractures usually require surgery. Non-Surgical Treatment. Nonsurgical treatment is recommended for stable pelvic fractures that are non-displaced
  6. The most common causes of intertrochanteric fractures are falls or trauma. These problems are more likely to occur among older people, who are at a higher risk of falling

The treatment will be based on fracture alignment and stability of the ankle. There are some additional, unique types of fractures. Maisonneuve fracture. A Maisonneuve fracture, for example, involves a complete disruption of the ligaments around the ankle associated with a fracture of the fibula at the level of the knee Metal can cause serious injury. Tell the healthcare provider if you have any metal in or on your body. A bone scan is a test to look at your fracture and check for infection. You will get a radioactive liquid, called a tracer, through a vein in your arm. The tracer collects in your bones and pictures are taken. How is a patellar fracture treated Pelvic fracture is classified in to two types according to the point of break in the pelvic ring including other injuries associated with it. Stable fracture - fracture defined as breaking in one point of pelvic ring only with minor bleeding and no bone dislocation recognized Some stress fractures don't heal properly, which can cause chronic problems. If underlying causes are not taken care of, you may be at higher risk of additional stress fractures. Prevention. Simple steps can help you prevent stress fractures. Make changes slowly. Start any new exercise program slowly and progress gradually

Pelvic Fracture - Trauma - Surgery - Stable Fracture

Fractures of the thoracic spine can occur whenever the spinal column is subjected to forces that exceed its strength and stability. Common causes of thoracic spinal fractures include falling from a height, motor vehicle accidents, violent weather, military and civilian blast injury, and penetrating trauma Fractures of the lateral malleolus are the most common type of ankle fracture. These injuries typically occur when the ankle is either twisted or rolled, often with an awkward or uneven step. Most lateral malleolus fractures are considered to be stable ankle fractures and can be treated without surgery Ankle Fracture Causes. When you stress an ankle joint beyond the strength of its elements, you injure the joint. If only the ligaments give way and tear, you have sprained the ankle A CT scan — To see whether the fractured bone is stable and if nerves near the fracture are being irritated or affected by the fracture. An MRI — May be ordered if the doctor suspects another cause of the patient's pain, or if there is a chance that nerves near the fracture are affected. An MRI can also tell if the fracture is old or new

Types of Spinal Fracture

In general wedge fractures are stable without neurologic involvement. Wedge fractures are considered serious when the fracture affects adjacent vertebrae, anterior wedging is 50%, severe hyperkyphosis (bent forward) is present, or bone fragment(s) are suspect in the spinal canal Classifications. Pelvic fractures can be classified by severity and the degree of stability present: Grade A: Stable fracture - usually relatively minor fractures, including avulsion fractures such a Rectus Femoris avulsion, and fractures of one of the Ilia. Grade B: Rotationally unstable - compression fractures, often with separation of the pubic symphysis and widening of the SI joints

Compression (wedge fractures) - Caused by axial compression alone or flexion forces, when the spine is bent forward or in side flexion at the moment of trauma. It is a stable fracture and patients rarely accompanied neurological deficits. The most common causes in younger patients are falls and motor vehicle accidents Falls are the top cause of spinal fractures in seniors. The twelve vertebrae of the mid-back are collectively called the thoracic spine and are labeled T1-T12. These vertebrae attach to the ribs, making them fairly stable and not as susceptible to spinal fractures as those in the cervical spine Sacral injuries and fractures can cause serious problems. The limited movement caused by a sacral fracture can increase the risk of a blood clot in the arm or leg. This clot can travel to the heart or brain and lead to a heart attack or stroke. It can also affect the spinal cord. Treatment depends on the type of fracture

Fractures: Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

The causes of an open fracture are a strong external traumatic (deforming) effect of the residual energy of failure upon impact, fall, collision, accelerated compression, etc. Most of the specific situations in which all these effects manifest themselves are known to everyone and do not need to be listed: this is a fairly large list, including. Displaced fracture: unlike the stable fracture, the broken ends of the tibia are out of place and do not correctly line up. Closed fracture: the skin surrounding the fracture is intact. Open or compound fracture: the broken end of the tibia punctures through the skin, or there is a wound that shows the bone A wedge fracture is the most common type of compression fracture. It usually occurs in the front of the cylinder-shaped vertebra, causing the front of the vertebra to collapse but leaving the back of the bone intact, resulting in a wedge shape. A wedge compression fracture is usually a mechanically stable fracture, but can lead to spinal. Bone Break vs. Fracture. It may come as a surprise, but a broken bone and a fractured bone are the same thing. A fracture occurs when an outside force is too great for a bone to handle. Although generally rigid, bones can weaken over time and become more susceptible to fracturing. Fractures may occur lengthwise, crosswise, or in multiple pieces Stable pelvic fractures (SPFs) do not usually cause significant pelvic bleeding. Only case reports have been published on this issue. 8,9 The objective of this study was to identify the rate and predictors of bleeding among patients with SPFs. Our hypothesis is that these uncommon scenarios can be predicted on the basis of simple indicators.

Compression Fractures Johns Hopkins Medicin

An ankle brace for an avulsion fracture may help, but your doctor will likely prescribe use of an orthopedic walking boot. This will protect the ankle and keep it stable so it can heal properly. With children, if the avulsion fracture is severe, casts may be used in place of a boot. [5 Make an Appointment. Call 434.924.2663. Schedule Online. A neck fracture can happen from a fall, a car wreck, or violence. If you're older or have weak bones from disease, even a sudden, hard twist can break your neck. However it happens, this kind of trauma is serious and scary. A neck fracture can paralyze you or even lead to death Causes. A severe impact — in a car crash, for example — can cause hip fractures in people of all ages. In older adults, a hip fracture is most often a result of a fall from a standing height. In people with very weak bones, a hip fracture can occur simply by standing on the leg and twisting. Risk factor The leading causes of vertebral compression fractures are the following: Osteoporosis: When bones become brittle and lose bone mass, this can cause cracks or breaks in the vertebral body. Trauma: A severe injury, such as falling from a great height, a car accident or a sports injury, can cause one or more vertebrae to break. Bone infection or cancer: In younger patients with no history of.

Types and Causes of Patella Fractures. The three types of patella fracture include the following: Stable patella fracture. These fractures or breaks are typically hairline or minimally displaced fractures only separated by less than two millimeters. These patients typically are able to straight leg raise Stable vs. unstable fractures. A stable fracture does not cause spinal deformity or neurological issues. With this type of fracture, the spine can still carry and distribute weight effectively. An unstable fracture can cause spinal deformity or neurological issues. The fracture can progress and cause more damage. The spine can no longer carry. The term wedge fracture is used because the fracture usually occurs in the front of the vertebra, collapsing the bone in the front of the spine and leaving the back of the same bone unchanged. This process results in a wedge-shaped vertebra. A wedge compression fracture is generally a mechanically stable fracture pattern

Fractures of the Thoracic and Lumbar Spine - OrthoInfo - AAO

Minor fractures cause just a crack in the bone while major fractures can completely shatter the bone. There are different types of fracture depending on the situation when the injury was caused and the force that was applied on the bone during the injury. One such type of fracture is the Transverse Fracture A cervical fracture, commonly called a broken neck, is a catastrophic fracture of any of the seven cervical vertebrae in the neck.Examples of common causes in humans are traffic collisions and diving into shallow water. Abnormal movement of neck bones or pieces of bone can cause a spinal cord injury resulting in loss of sensation, paralysis, or usually instant death

Transverse fracture & transverse process fracture causes

Trauma: Child Abuse Versus Noninflicted Injuries. Fractures are a common childhood injury and account for between 8% and 12% of all pediatric injuries. 6 - 8 In infants and toddlers, physical abuse is the cause of 12% to 20% of fractures. 9 Although unintentional fractures are much more common than fractures caused by child abuse, the physician needs to remain aware of the possibility of. Short description: Stable burst fracture of T7-T8 vertebra, init for opn fx The 2021 edition of ICD-10-CM S22.061B became effective on October 1, 2020. This is the American ICD-10-CM version of S22.061B - other international versions of ICD-10 S22.061B may differ

Stress fractures - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Treatment of Stable Ankle Fractures. Broken bones in the foot and ankle can range in severity from very mild to a severe disruption and fracture. If you have had a stable injury this means that the injury should heal with the structures in your foot being able to function again. Stable injuries often need time in a splint or even plaster. The tibia is a larger bone on the inside, and the fibula is a smaller bone on the outside. The tibia is much thicker than the fibula. It is the main weight-bearing bone of the two. The fibula supports the tibia and helps stabilize the ankle and lower leg muscles. Tibia and fibula fractures are characterized as either low-energy or high-energy

Before determining the best treatment, it's crucial to know whether a fracture is stable or unstable. For some patients with a stable fracture, conservative treatments such as repositioning the bone—also known as a closed reduction—and immobilizing the arm with a cast or splint may be the best approach Although the resultant burst fracture is a type of compression fracture, the Magerl system differentiates between a stable burst fracture, type A3, which is similar to the more common wedge compression fracture, and an unstable burst fracture, type B1 or C1. The flexion load causes an anterior vertebral body compression fracture, whereas. A temporal bone fracture may cause facial paralysis, hearing loss, bruising behind the ear, and bleeding from the ear. Doctors use computed tomography (CT) to diagnose temporal bone fractures. Treatment, sometimes including surgery, is needed if the fracture causes problems. Temporal bone fractures can cause various injuries to the middle and.

Clay Shoveler's Fracture Causes and Treatmen

According to the University of Washington School of Medicine, bone lucencies can be caused by a variety of factors, such as cysts, cancer, benign tumors or infection. Healio goes on to point out that fractures also cause bone lucencies. Dr. Joseph Accurso on HealthTap describes lucencies as areas on an X-ray where the bone is less dense, which. fracture (stress) Endocrine/Metabolic. Paget's disease; As you can see, by just dropping the items that tend to cause generalized sclerosis, we have generated a fairly good differential for focal lesions. The differential for multifocal lesions happens to be identical to that for focal lesions. Differential Diagnosis of Diffuse Sclerotic Bone. A spiral fracture, also called a torsion fracture, is a complete fracture that happens because of a twisting or rotational injury. Basically, when a long bone is twisted by a strong force, it shatters and causes a spiral fracture. This kind of fracture mostly occurs on long bones resulting in two separate pieces of bones whose breaks distinctly. Pelvic fracture associated with haemodynamic instability has a mortality in excess of 40%. Stable pelvic fractures heal very well. High-energy fractures may have significant complications including bleeding, organ damage, infection, venous thrombosis and embolism. Severe compound fractures of the pelvis lead to a mortality rate of over 40% fracture in which the vertebra breaks in multiple directions. Vertebral fracture-dislocation - An unstable injury involving bone and/or soft tissue in which a vertebra moves off an adjacent vertebra (displacement). This type of injury can cause serious spinal cord compression. Causes Vertebral fractures can be traumatic, pathologic or both

Spondylolysis may cause spondylolisthesis when a stress fracture causes the slipping. Or the vertebra may slip out of place due to a degenerative condition. The disks between vertebrae and the facet joints (the two back parts of each vertebrae that link the vertebrae together) can wear down. Bone of the facet joints actually grows back and. Although Atlas (C1) fracture and Jefferson fracture terms are frequently used interchangeably, this approach is not completely right. In its originally described form, which was first reported by Geofrey Jefferson in 1920, the Jefferson fracture is a complex burst fracture of the ring of the C1 vertebra, involving fractures of the anterior and posterior arches of the Atlas on both the right. Symptoms. Along with back pain, spinal compression fractures also can cause: Pain that gets worse when you stand or walk but with some relief when you lie down. Trouble bending or twisting your. Immobility. Something to keep in mind is that most stress fractures do not show up on x-rays until two or three weeks after the healing process has begun. Acute fracture symptoms include: Pain at the point of trauma. Instant and abundant swelling. Inability to walk or stand. Bruising within twenty-four hours Based on the fracture pattern, your surgeon will need to decide if 1) the fracture is in stable alignment and can be simply protected in a cast or brace until it heals, 2) the fracture pattern can be reduced (or manipulated) to a stable alignment without surgery and held with a cast or brace until it heals, or 3) surgery will be necessary to.

106 Jefferson’s Fracture | Radiology Key

Definition: a spontaneous fracture following mild physical exertion or minor trauma; (e.g., lifting something, bending over, or sneezing/ coughing) due to abnormal weakness of the bone that is caused by an underlying condition. Etiology. Disorders affecting bone metabolism. Osteoporosis. (most common cause Intertrochanteric femur fractures are extracapsular fractures of the proximal femur at the level of the greater and lesser trochanter, most commonly seen following ground level falls in the elderly population. Diagnosis is made with orthogonal radiographs of the hip in patients that present with inability to bear weight Burst fractures most commonly occur at L1 with the majority (~90%) occurring from T9-L5. Two-level burst fractures are much less common than single-level burst fractures 2. Mechanism. It is a result of a high-energy compressive injury (axial loading), much like the Jefferson fracture. The intervertebral disc is driven into the vertebral body below Causes of Compound Fractures. The main cause of a compound fracture is a forceful injury that causes damage to the skin, connective tissues, and bone. The following are some situations in which forceful injuries can lead to compound fractures: Road accidents. Vehicle collissions and other types road accidents are the most common cause of.

A pelvic fracture is a break of the bony structure of the pelvis. This includes any break of the sacrum, hip bones (ischium, pubis, ilium), or tailbone. Symptoms include pain, particularly with movement. Complications may include internal bleeding, injury to the bladder, or vaginal trauma.. Common causes include falls, motor vehicle collisions, a vehicle hitting a pedestrian, or a direct crush. What are the 3 intrinsic causes of fractures? Physiologic disruption - the tension from quadriceps Pathologic - Ca imbalance cause weak bones Comminuted - little stable unless compressed (stable with torsion and some compression and bending Spiral - if reduced stable to compression and torsion; Subjects An unstable ankle fracture is an injury that occurs when the fracture causes the ankle joint to not work correctly. For that reason, if the bone heals in a position where the ankle is not operating properly, the ankle is most likely to establish early ankle arthritis A cervical fracture, commonly called a broken neck, is a fracture of any of the seven cervical vertebrae in the neck.Examples of common causes in humans are traffic collisions and diving into shallow water. Abnormal movement of neck bones or pieces of bone can cause a spinal cord injury resulting in loss of sensation, paralysis, or usually instant death Pelvic fractures can involve the pubic symphysis, innominate bones, acetabulum, sacroiliac joint or sacrum. They range from minimally displaced stable injuries caused by low energy falls to dramatically displaced and unstable injures that can cause massive hemorrhage. Genitourinary, intestinal, and neurologic injuries may also occur

Severe chest pain after blunt chest trauma -- Lee and Lin

Fractured Vertabrae Causes & Symptoms I Spinal Fracture

Intra-articular fractures are often complicated and unstable and should be referred to a hand specialist.3 Extra-articular fractures may be nondisplaced or displaced. Stable nondisplaced fractures. The severity of a heel fracture is mostly determined by the amount of force that caused the injury, and there are several distinct classes of fracture: Stable or non-displaced fracture . With this type of injury, the broken ends of the bones are correctly aligned and not separated, and the bones will generally remain in place while the break heals If a pelvic fracture is stable, it is type A. If a fracture is unstable to rotation but vertically stable, it is type B. A severe pelvic ring disruption that is unstable to both rotation and vertical displacement is type C. Each fracture type has multiple subcategories on the basis of the individual component fractures . The distinction between. A stable stress fracture is one in which no shift has occurred in the bone alignment. This differs from another common type of stress fracture, a displaced stress fracture, which is an injury characterized by the ends of the bones becoming unaligned. When a horse develops a stress fracture, the prognosis is generally good, that [ Type A are stable injuries and include avulsion fractures and non-displaced ring injuries. Type B are rotationally unstable, but vertically stable and include lateral compression with fractures of the pubic and ischial rami, as well as anterior compression fractures with pubic diastasis

Bone fracture - WikipediaProximal Humerus Fracture: Causes, Treatment & RecoveryPatella fracture - WikipediaThe Thoracolumbar Spine

Fracture ppt. 1. Fracture. 2. Introduction • Break in the structural continuity of a bone • If the overlying skin remains intact - closed (simple fracture) • If skin or one of the body cavities is breached- open (compound fracture) 3. Types of Fracture • Divided in to - Complete - Incomplete. 4 7 Lateral Malleolus Fracture Treatment. 7.1 Healing Time. 7.2 Surgery. The most common joint that is injured in playing sports is the ankle and this may cause pain in the affected leg. There are 3 bones that makes up the ankle joint and the lateral malleolus is the area that is the most frequently fractured part of the ankle [1, 2]

Ankle fractures are very common injuries to the ankle which generally occur due to a twisting mechanism. Diagnosis is made with orthogonal radiographs of the ankle. Treatment can be nonoperative or operative depending on fracture displacement, ankle stability, syndesmosis injury, and patient activity demands. 1 Ankle fractures are classified as stable if the fracture is non-displaced or minimally displaced and the medial structures (deltoid ligament and medial malleolus) are intact. This type of injury allows the talus to remain anatomically positioned within the mortise, preventing displacement of the joint Odontoid fractures can be caused by both extension and flexion forces. When a flexion/shear force is the cause of an odontoid fracture, there is anterior displacement of C1 on C2, although this may also be seen as sequelae of an extension injury. The treatment of odontoid fractures depends on the level of the fracture Introduction: Femoral shaft fractures are commonly thought to be primarily associated with high-energy trauma in young persons. Only limited attention has been given to low-energy violence as a cause of these fractures among the elderly. National epidemiological data on characteristics of patients with femoral shaft fractures are lacking, so the purpose of this study was to analyse the. Background: Hip fracture is a severe and common injury that occurs predominantly in the elderly. Blood loss in the perioperative period is associated with a greater risk of dying in anaemic patients. The aim of the study was to explore the best way to treat stable intertrochanteric fractures, taking hidden blood loss into account